Phi: The Golden Ratio Art Print by Jazzberry Blue
Good design does not just happen, and some basic principles need to be followed. For instance, scale and proportion are always key elements to consider in the design of a space. One of the most important principles is what is referred to as the Golden Ratio.
What is the Golden Ratio?
The Golden Ratio is a naturally occurring formula that creates a composition. If you think about a line that has been divided in to two parts and the Golden Ratio is in place, then the whole length of the line is divided by the longer part and can also be equal to the long part divided by the short part. In more simple terms, individual proportions are all equal when compared to the whole.
When we look at something where the proportions are all equal in a room design, it can often just not feel right. The reason for this is because our brains are designed to recognise the attractiveness of living spaces that apply the Golden Ratio because our brains naturally want to make sense of our surroundings. Therefore, proportions make the brain feel happy.
Image Credit - House Mix 2013 - 2020
Navamin Residence Hypothesis Design Agency as Architects Image Credit - Archello
Importance of the Golden Ratio
The Golden Ratio has been used since the Greek and ancient Roman times. The ratio can occur in everything, from the proportions of the human body, to musical sequences and even in the design of buildings and objects. One amazing thing about the ratio is that it is very pleasing on the human eye. Throughout interiors the golden ratio provides guidance in the proportion and scale of furniture as well as objects and colours, the allows a space to feel calming and peaceful.
Image Credit - Domino
Pad Lounge Chair Low Black Steel Oak/Synergy Image Credit - © 2019 Normann Copenhagen ApS
How to Implement the Golden Ratio into Interiors
What is the Golden Ratio? The exact ratio is 1:618, but this can be visually interpreted in to 2/3 or 60:30:10 which can then be interpreted into interior design. So, when you come to the position of designing a room and consider choosing colours, the wall colour would be 60%, furniture colour 30% and an accent colour 10%. For furniture the ratio relates slightly differently, being in relation to the sizing and placement of furniture. For example, the dining room should have table that should be 2/3 of the length of the actual dining room. The sideboard should be 2/3 the length of the sofa.
Image Credit - Neptune | House Beautiful
Photo: Will Reid , ©2010-2019 LARK & LINEN
Are Rules Made for Breaking?
As a designer we are all taught about the rules around scale and proportion. Some may use it inherently while other may have a more creative and open approach to this side of design. Everyone is a designer in their own unique way but a space that incorporates these principles will always feel more calming, balanced and asethically pleasing.
We always recommend keeping the Golden Ratio in mind when designing, as this will always lead to creating a more cohesive environment. Always have fun playing around with this rule as being a designer it is all about playing around and breaking rules, working out what works and what new fresh approaches you can create within an interior.